United Nations Day is celebrated on October 24th all over the world. It is celebrated as the anniversary of the United Nations Organization. The purpose of celebrating this is to inform people around the world about the goals and achievements of the United Nations Organization.
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About United Nation Organization
Secretary General of United Nation Organization is Antonio Guterres. It is an international organization headquartered in Manhattan Island, New York City, New York America.
It has a total of 193 member country classes. Almost all the recognized countries of the world are members of this organization. As of 2006 the United Nations had 192 member countries. But the newest member Montenegro country was made a member on 28 June 2006
The United Nations has approved 6 languages as the Official Language (Arabic, Chinese, English, French, Russian and Spanish), but only two of these are considered operating languages (English and French).
At the time of establishment, only four official languages were accepted (Chinese, English, French, Russian) and in 1973 Arabic and Spanish were also included.
Object of United Nation Organization
Its purpose is to work to facilitate international law cooperation, international security, economic development, social progress, human rights and world peace.
To fulfill these objectives, the Universal Declaration of Human Rights was ratified in 1948 solving international problems and maintain peace in world.
Principle of UNO
- All the country’s members are sovereign and equal.
- Obeying the principles of the Charter of the member nation.
- Making arrangements such that all nations settle their disputes peacefully.
Six Major Organs of United Nations Organization
- General Assembly
- Security Council
- Economic and Social Council
- Trusteeship Council
- International Court
History of United Nations Day
United Nations Day was first celebrated on October 24, 1948. The foundation of the League of Nations was laid in the Treaty of Versailles. The aim of the League was to encourage disarmament, prevent the outbreak of war, and promote dialogue diplomatic measures to settle international disputes and improve the quality of life around the world.
After World War II, the League of Nations understood that we need to work in a different way. The idea of the United Nations developed in the last years of World War II.
The United Nations was officially created on 24 October of the same year when a United Nations Charter was ratified.
The United Nations does not work alone but several specialized agencies work closely with it like:
- United Nations Educational Scientific and Cultural Organization
- United Nations Food and Agriculture Organization
- International Atomic Energy Agency
- International Civil Aviation Organization
- International Agricultural Development Fund
- International Labor Union
- International Ocean Organization
- International Monetary Fund
- International Telecommunication Association
- United Nations Industrial Development Organization
- Universal Postal Union (UPU)
- World Bank
- World Health Organization
- World Meteorological Organization
- World Tourism Organization
- United Nations Industrial Development Organization
How United Nations Day Celebrated Worldwide?
United nation is famous in world for their works like Humanitarian aid, spirit brotherhood, disaster relief, peacemaking, unity etc. UNO celebrates this day only by doing all these tasks and making people aware of them.
Traditionally, United Nations Day is spent in meetings and events that revolve around the various agendas of the United Nations.
Many countries UN Day celebrated as a public holiday and in many countries it is also celebrated by doing awareness programs and culture programs.
To commemorate the day, the UN organizes several campaigns, including panel discussions, series of seminars for students, artifacts, rallies, film screenings and book / photo exhibitions, media campaigns- interviews and a dose of newspapers, social media.
USA Celebrating this day each year with their president issuing a proclamation.
To celebrate United Nations Day, India also hoists the UN flag along with the Indian flag on government building and some states. Those Government buildings in India are decorated with blue color because it is the official color of United Nations.
To celebrate this, a theme is kept every year. Under which it is celebrated on the same base throughout the world.
Themes from 2014 – 2018
2014 Theme: Global Citizenship and Youth
2015 Theme: Strong UN better World
2016 Theme: Freedom First
2017 Theme: Potential in Diversity
2018 Theme: Traditions of Peace & Non Violence
Traditions of Peace & Non violence, Theme was set to celebrate UN Day in 2018. It featured a project performance by Sarod maestro Ustad Amjad Ali Khan with his sons Aman Ali Bangash and Ayan Ali Bangash, and the Refugee Orchestra conducted by Lydia Yankovskaya.
Also Know More About International Customs Day.
How United Nations Day will be Celebrated This Year?
We can celebrate it on “our planet our future” concern. Earth is the only planet in the entire universe from which we get all the things. We must protect it, so that our future generations can live in a safe environment. We should protect the earth by saving trees, natural vegetation, water, natural resources, electricity etc.
To eliminate pollution and global warming, one must plant more and more trees in the surrounding areas. The use of solar energy and wind energy should be encouraged to save the earth from destruction.
We should adopt the 3R rules. (Reduce, Reuse, Recycle)
It can prove very effective in saving our precious earth.
We should inculcate the habit of reuse of objects (clothes, toys, furniture, books, paper etc.) to reduce waste and waste. We can save our planet by adopting many easy methods.
The UNO also focus on the climate change.
There is no other climate like our climate earth in this universe. But due to some of our reasons, it is getting damaged day by day. The main reason is rapid spread of pollution.
Pollution is in the air, it is also in the water and it is also in the noise, the biggest cause of air pollution is the dwindling forest, yes we are all fond of living in cities, due to which the number of villages is being reduced and trees are being harvested.
The second reason is our facilities such as increasing of vehicles, increasing of industries, increasing of thermal power plants, the smoke emanating from all these is causing great harm to our climate. Secondly, water pollution is the biggest reason for this. The dirty water coming out of the factories is found in the rivers which pollutes the water.
And the use of dirty things and plastic bags put in the dirt in river, drains that we spread also causes a lot of damage to our climate.
To prevent all these pollution and to make our planet healthy, the government and some NGOs have started campaigns.
The Indian government launched an initiative to curb pollution “Swachh Bharat Abhiyan” Other Non Governmental organizations are also working on it. And want a Pollution free India like Dera Sacha Sauda. This organization is also working on “Green India Clean India” Saint Dr Gurmeet Ram Rahim Singh Ji Insan, the chief of this organization, started campaigns to make India clean and pollution free. He launched “Cleanliness Earth Campaigns” under which till date 32 Mega cleanliness campaigns have been conducted by volunteers and they also help to maintain the beauty of Mother Nature by doing tree plantation every year. To date, more than four lakhs saplings have been planted by DSS Organization so that our country can be free from pollution.
Other an international organization “Clean Air Asia” also helps. This organization brings innovative new techniques and ideas to control and reduce air pollution in India.
On 20 October 2019, an event was organized in West Chester, USA, by the United Nations Association to celebrate UN Day. The timings of this event were 2:30 p.m. to 5:00 p.m. In this event, students living in Westchester participated and discussed a project on climate action which features something like this. Community Gardens, Sunrise movement, Plastic pollution, earth sustainability etc.
The outline of celebrating the UN Day (24th Oct 2019) at the United Nations Head Office is as follows:
24th October’s Morning, Security Counseling will organize a briefing discussion on Middle East (Syria