On the death anniversary of Jawaharlal Nehru, we remember the profound impact he had on India, his visionary leadership, his dedication to nation-building, and his unwavering commitment to the principles of democracy, secularism, social justice, and his enduring legacy. Nehru, who passed away on May 27, 1964, left behind a remarkable imprint on the nation’s history and governance.
Jawaharlal Nehru, born on November 14, 1889, in Allahabad, Uttar Pradesh, was a visionary leader who played a crucial role in shaping modern India. His death anniversary on May 27th is an occasion to reflect upon his remarkable journey and the impact he had on the nation. Nehru’s story is filled with interesting anecdotes that shed light on his personality and his commitment to the ideals of freedom, democracy, and social justice.
*Early Life and Education*
Nehru hailed from a distinguished family. His father, Motilal Nehru, was a prominent lawyer, and his mother, Swaruprani Thussu, came from a well-known Kashmiri Brahmin family. The young Nehru received his education in England, studying at Harrow and Cambridge University. His exposure to Western ideals of democracy, liberalism, and socialism shaped his worldview and fueled his desire to bring about social and political change in India.
*Nehru’s Political Career-
Joining the Indian National Congress*
Upon returning to India, Nehru became involved in the Indian National Congress, the leading political party in the fight for India’s independence from British rule. He actively participated in the Congress sessions and emerged as a prominent figure within the party. Under the mentorship of Mahatma Gandhi, Nehru’s political ideology started to take shape. He imbibed the principles of non-violence and civil disobedience advocated by Gandhi, which would later become central to his approach in the struggle against British colonial rule.
*Role in India’s Independence Movement*
Nehru played a crucial role in India’s independence movement. He actively participated in civil disobedience movements, such as the Salt March, where he led protests against the British monopoly on salt production. Nehru’s speeches and writings inspired millions of Indians and galvanized their commitment to the cause of freedom.
*Nehru’s Vision for a Free India*
Nehru envisioned a free and independent India that would be socially and economically equitable, secular, and democratic. From his early involvement in the Indian National Congress to his role in shaping India’s post-independence policies, Nehru left an indelible mark on the nation’s history.
*Interesting Stories about Jawaharlal Nehru*
Here are a few notable episodes from his life:
Independence Struggle: Nehru played a crucial role in India’s struggle for independence from British colonial rule. He was a close associate of Mahatma Gandhi and actively participated in various nonviolent movements, including the Salt March in 1930. Nehru’s commitment to India’s independence and his eloquence as a speaker made him a prominent figure in the freedom movement.
*The Discovery of Gandhi*
Nehru’s introduction to Mahatma Gandhi is an interesting story. In 1916, Nehru attended a lecture by Gandhi in Allahabad and was deeply impressed by his ideas and principles. This encounter sparked a lifelong association between the two leaders, and Nehru became one of Gandhi’s most trusted followers.
*The Tryst with Destiny:* On August 15, 1947, Nehru delivered his historic speech, “Tryst with Destiny,” on the eve of India’s independence. The speech captured the nation’s spirit and optimism as it embarked on a new journey as a free nation. Nehru’s passionate words and vision for India’s future remain iconic to this day.
*The Nonalignment Movement:*
Nehru was a key architect of the Nonalignment Movement during the Cold War era. He advocated for a policy of neutrality and nonalignment with either the United States or the Soviet Union. This stance helped shape India’s foreign policy and its role as a leader in the postcolonial world.
*Educational Reforms:* Nehru was deeply committed to education and believed in its transformative power. As Prime Minister, he initiated several educational reforms to promote literacy and improve access to quality education. Nehru’s efforts laid the foundation for India’s educational system and the establishment of renowned institutions such as the Indian Institutes of Technology (IITs) and the Indian Institutes of Management (IIMs).
*The Panchsheel Agreement:*
Nehru’s emphasis on peaceful coexistence and diplomacy led to the formulation of the Panchsheel Agreement, also known as the Five Principles of Peaceful Coexistence. This agreement signed between India and China in 1954, aimed to promote mutual respect, noninterference, and peaceful resolution of conflicts.
*Nehru and Children:* Nehru had a deep love for children, and his birthday, November 14, is celebrated as Children’s Day in India. He believed in nurturing the young minds of the nation and often interacted with children during his public appearances. Nehru’s affection for children endeared him to the masses and left a lasting legacy.
Remembering Nehru on His Death Anniversary
Commemorative Events and Tributes
On Nehru’s death anniversary, various commemorative events and tributes are organized across the country. These events serve as a reminder of Nehru’s immense contributions and his role in shaping modern India. Schools, colleges, and cultural organizations often hold seminars, discussions, and exhibitions to commemorate Nehru’s life and legacy.
Additionally, Nehru’s memorial, Shanti Van, located in Delhi, becomes a focal point for paying homage to the visionary leader. People from different walks of life visit the memorial to offer their respects and remember Nehru’s immense contributions.
*Nehru’s Ideology in Present times*
Even though several decades have passed since Nehru’s time, his ideals and vision remain relevant in the present day. Nehru’s emphasis on education, scientific temper, and technological progress continues to shape India’s pursuit of knowledge and innovation. His commitment to democracy, civil liberties, and the rule of law provides a strong foundation for a vibrant and inclusive society.