Hypersonic speed is the one that substantially overpasses the speed of sound. It is starting at the speed of Mach 5 and above.
India on Monday rocketed to an elite club of nations by perfectly testing an indigenously developed hypersonic technology demonstrator vehicle (HSTDV).
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Missile man of India
After working for two decades in an Indian space research organization(ISRO) and mastering launch vehicle technologies (MLVT) Dr. Avul Pakir Jainulabdeen Abdul Kalam took up the responsibility of developing indigenous guided missiles at DRDO as the main Executive of the Integrated Guided Missile Development Programme (GMDP).
Types of Missiles
From the 18th century, rockets had been used by India for the welfare of the country. Mysorean rockets were the first iron cased rockets that were brought into play for military use, reverse engineered by the British, and proposed in Europe as Congreve rocket. After the British Colonisation of India, scientific R &D in Indian dynasties was confined and military science in India far behind.
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Missiles come in different types that are described below:
- Surface to surface missiles ( ballistic ,cruise,anti-ship,anti-tank )
- Air to surface missiles ( ballistic, cruise,anti-ship,anti-tank)
- Surface -to -air-missiles ( anti-ballistic)
- Air to air missiles and anti-satellite weapons missiles
|S.No||Names of Indian missiles||Type of Missile||Range of Missile|
|1||Brahmos||The fastest missile in the world||290 Km|
|2||Prithvi 1||SRBM (Short-range ballistic missile )||150km|
|3||Prithvi 2||SRBM (Short-range ballistic missile )||250km|
|4||Nirbhay||long-range cruise Missile||150km|
|6||Agni 1||MRBM ( Medium-range ballistic missile )||700-1250km|
|7||Agni 2||IRBM ( Intermediate-range ballistic missile||2000-3500km|
|8||Agni 3||IRBM ( Intermediate-range ballistic missile )||3500 -5000km|
|9||Agni 4||IRBM (Intermediate-range ballistic missile )||4000 – 6000km|
|10||Agni 5||ICBM ( Intercontinental range ballistic missile)||5000 – 8000km|
Indian missiles assist and attacking hand to the country security strategy. Time to time new missile launch by the Indian Defence Research & Development Organisation (DRDO) for use by the Indian Armed forces.
Writing Credits – Silky Setia